Real Estate Assessment
- Assessment is the process of placing value on a property for the purpose of property taxation. The first equalized assessment
values were placed on the county tax rolls in 1985. Reassessment has occurred every two years since then and is an update of all
real property assessments in the county. The purpose of reassessment is to equalize values among taxpayers and to adjust values
to current market conditions. This helps keep new construction home owners who have been put on for current value from bearing
the tax burden, since older homes are also brought up to their current value in reassessment. Since mass appraisal methods are used
by the county, statistical analysis of local sales are used in conjunction with fields review work to establish a value for land and
improvements to the land. Missouri's assessment date is January 1st; real property is assessed as of January 1st of each odd-numbered year.
Reassessment values are placed on the county tax rolls in the odd years (2011, 2013, etc.) and this value is used for two tax years.
New construction and additions to existing improvements are added to the county tax rolls every year.
- Once an appraised value has been determined, a percentage of that value is calculated to arrive at assessed value. The percentage
is based on the classification, determined by the type of property or how it is used. There are four classes of real property:
Residential, Agriculture, Commercial, and other. The percentages for each class are: Residential 19%, Agriculture 12%, Commercial 32%,
and other 32%. For example a residential appraised value of $100,000 would have an assessed value of $19,000.
Taxes are calculated by multiplying the assessed value times the combined levies of the taxing entities which levy a tax on that
particular property. For example in 2013, a home in the City of Chillicothe with a residential assessed value of 19,000 where a
combined tax levy of $6.7443 per hundred dollars of assessed value was levied, the total tax bill was $1281.42: $19,000 divided by
100 times $6.7443 equals $1281.42.
- The assessment process is computerized. The computer is used to track the assessment values assigned to every parcel and to
maintain pertinent records for each parcel. In reassessment years the computer is used to quickly update every parcel to reflect
current value. Building data collected in the field is entered into the computer and the improvement value (usually a replacement
cost new less depreciation) is calculated and added to the assigned land value resulting in an appraised value. When the final
value is assigned, the record becomes permanent and, if the assessed value has increased compared to the previous year, the property owner
is notified in the spring of the first year the new value will be used. Assessment lists and tax books are all computer generated.
- Parcel maps: Parcel maps, ranging in size from 8-1/2" x 11" up to 36" x 48", are available for the entire county (photography
as recent as 2011 pricing starts at $1 for a single 8-1/2" x 11" print, and increases as prints size increases.
Feel free to contact the office with questions concerning map pricing. Blue-line prints are no longer available.